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Geography Paper 1

SECTION A (50 Marks)

Answer ALL the questions in section.

a) Apart from advection fog, name any other two types of fog. (2mks)

b) Outline two conditions necessary for the formation of fog. (2mks)

4 marks


a) Against each of the rocks listed in the table, name the equivalents. (3mks)

b) Give any two effects of rock metamorphism. (2mks)

5 marks


a) i) What is tsunami? (1mk)

ii) Name two major seismic zones of world (2mks)

b) State two human causes of earthquakes. (2mks)

5 marks


a) Give three characteristics of Rift Valley lakes. (3mks)

b) The block diagram below represents part of the earth’s Crust which been subjected to tensional forces.

Name features

- marked B

- Distance E

5 marks


a) Differentiate between soil profile and soil catena. (2mks)

b) Name four processes of soil formation. (4mks

5 marks

SECTION B (50 Marks)

Answer question 6 and any other two questions from this section.

Carefully study the MAP EXTRACT (Karatina Scale 1:50,000, sheet 121/3 and answer the questions that follow.

a) From the marginal information,

i) Give three adjoining sheets to this sheet (3mks)

ii) What is the magnetic declination at the sheet centre at the time when the map was being prepared? (2mks)

iii) Give the latitudinal extend of the map extract. (2mks)

b) i) Give a 6 figure grid reference of spot height 121 T3 (2mks)

ii) Calculate the bearing of the spot height 121 T4 from spot height 121 T3. (2mks)

c) Citing evidence, give two economic activities carried out in the area covered by the map extract. (2mks)

d) Citing evidence from the map extract, state 3 functions of Karatina town. (3mks)

e) i) Draw a cross section from grid reference 810 450 to 880 450. On it, mark and name the following

- River Sagana

- Road E562

- A forest

ii) Are the end points of the cross sections drawn inter-visible? Proof. (2mks)

20 marks


a) Name the coastal features marked H,J,K,L and M in the diagram below. (5mks)

b) Explain four conditions which favour the growth of coral polyps. (8mks)

c) Using well labeled diagrams, explain how Darwins ‘s theory is used to explain the formation of a toll. (7mks)

d) State five conditions that are necessary for the formation of abeach (5mks)

25 marks


a) i) Name three types of glaciers. (3mks)

ii) Describe how a glacier is formed. (4mks)

b) With the aid of well labeled diagrams describe, how each of the following is formed

i) Cirque

ii) a craq and Tail. (6mks)

c) You plan to conduct a field study on glaciations at Mt. Kenya.

i) List three types of erosional lowland glacial features you are likely to identify. (3mks)

ii) State two problems you are likely to encounter. (2mks)

18 marks


a) i) Give three types of local winds. (6mks)

ii) State two weather conditions associated with Katabatic winds (2mks)

b) With the aid of a labeled diagram describe the formation frontal rainfall. (6mks)

c) The diagram below represents atmospheric pressure cells in the northern hemisphere, copy and:-

i. Label with H the high pressure cell and letter L low pressure cell. (2mks)

ii. Draw arrows to show the movement of air around each cell. (4mks)

iii. State three weather conditions resulting from low pressure systems (3mks)

d) State 4 characteristics of the inter-tropical convergence zone. (4mks)

27 marks


a) i) What is biological weathering (2mks)

ii) State three causes of Biological weathering (3mks)

b) Describe the following types of weathering:

i) Rock exfoliation (5mks)

ii) Solifluction (3mks)

Name the:

i) Type of mass movement shown (1mk)

ii) Features M and N (2mks)

iii) Explain five effects of Mass wasting on the physical environment. (10mks)

26 marks

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