##### Search ### SECTION A (50 Marks)

Answer ALL questions from this section
1.

Solve the equation 2 sin (4x – 30)o = -1 for 0o < x < 1800

3 marks

2.

The numbers x – 2, x and x + 3 are the first three terms of a geometric progression. Find the sum of the first thirty terms of this progression.

3 marks

3.

A man deposited Ksh. 48,000 in a bank that compounded at the rate of r% p.a semi-annually for two years and realized Ksh. 54,968. Find r giving your answer correct to 4 s.f.

3 marks

4.

The tangent to the curve $y={a}^{\sqrt{x}}-5$ at the point (4, k) is perpendicular to the line y – 2x = 11. Find the constants a and k.

3 marks

5.

Town A is 825 km from town B on a bearing of 125o and 790 km from C on a bearing of 201o. Calculate the distance between town B and C.

3 marks

6.

The absolute errors of the radius and height of a cylinder are 3 mm and 2 mm respectively. If the actual radius and height are 8 cm and 9.5 cm, calculate the percentage error in the volume of the cylinder.

3 marks

7.

A point (a, b) undergoes a transformation represented by the matrix $\left[\begin{array}{cc}0& 1\\ -1& 4\end{array}\right]$ followed by another transformation represented by the matrix $\left[\begin{array}{cc}0& 1\\ -1& 0\end{array}\right]$. Determine the value of (a, b) if the final image is (4, 5).

3 marks

8.

A point M(60oN 18oE) is on the surface of the earth. Another point N is situated at a distance of 630 nautical miles West of M. Find the position of N.

3 marks

9.

A bag has 5 green marbles, 9 red marble and some blue ones, all identical except for colour. The total number of marbles in the bag is two more than double the number of blue marbles. Three marbles are then randomly picked one at a time from the bag without replacement. Find
a) the number of blue marbles. {1 marks}

b) the probability that the first marble picked is blue and the other two are of the same colour.
{2 marks}

3 marks

10.

Find the area enclosed by the curve y = x2 – 10x + 9 the x – axis and the line x = 4 and x = 10.

3 marks

11.

The table below shows income tax rates for the year 2015.

 Income in Ksh. P.a Tax rate % 1 - 121968 10 121968 - 236880 15 236881 - 351792 20 351793 - 466704 25 Excess over 466704 30

An artisan pays a net tax of Ksh. 3,700 p.m. after a monthly tax relief of Ksh. 1,064. Calculate his taxable income.

4 marks

12.

A, B and C are points on a patch of level ground. An electric pole 12 m high stands at point A. The bearing of B from A is 050o and the bearing of C from B is 096o. If AB = 23 m and BC = 14 m, calculate
a) the distance AC. {2 marks}

b) the angle of elevation of the top of the pole from C. {2 marks}

4 marks

13.

The product of the matrices$\left[\begin{array}{cc}0& 1\\ 2& p\end{array}\right]$ and $\left[\begin{array}{cc}-1.5& -0.5\\ p& p-2\end{array}\right]$ is a singular matrix. Find the value of p.

3 marks

14.

Use logarithm tables to evaluate $\frac{\left(0.07284{\right)}^{2}}{\sqrt{0.06195}}$

3 marks

15.

Draw a square ABCD having area 16 cm2 Q is a point within the square such that AQ < 2.5 cm,
AQ > BQ and that Q is nearer to AB than AD. Shade the region for all possible position of Q.

3 marks

16.

If the area of the shaded region is 40.4 cm2, find the radius of the circle. 3 marks

### SECTION B (50 Marks)

Answer any five questions in this section
17.

The probability that Margaret, Olivia and Emmy will be late for breakfast are 1/4, 1/3 and 3/5 respectively on any one morning.
(a) Draw a probability tree diagram to represent this information. {2 marks}

(b) Find the probability that
(i) none of them will be late. {2 marks}

(ii) only one of them will be late. {2 marks}

(iii) at least one of them will be late. {2 marks}

(iv) atmost one of them will be late. {2 marks}

10 marks

18.

(a) The first term of an Arithmetic progression AP with six terms is P and its common difference is C. Another AP with five terms has also its first term as P and a common difference of d. The last terms of the two Arithmetic progressions are equal.
(i) Express d interms of c. {3 marks}

(ii) Given that the 4th term of the second AP exceeds the 4th term of the first by 3/2 find the values of c and d. {3 marks}

(b) The second and third terms of a geometric progression are 24 and 12(x + 1) respectively. Find x if the sum of the first three terms of the progression is 76. {4 marks}

10 marks

19.

A tetrahedron ABCD has its horizontal base ABC, an equilateral triangle of side 5 cm. If DA = DB = DC = 9 cm, find

(i) the volume of the tetrahedron. {3 marks}

(ii) the angle DA makes with the plane ABC. {2 marks}

(iii) the angle between the plane ADC and the plane ABC. {2 marks}

(iv) The angle between the planes BCD and ACD. {3 marks}

10 marks

20.

A rectangular box open at the top has a square base. The internal side of the base is x cm long and the total internal surface area of the box is 432 cm2.
(a) Express interms of x
(i) the internal height h of the box. {3 marks}

(ii) the internal volume V of the box. {1 mark}

b) Find
(i) the value of x for which the volume V is maximum. {4 marks}

(ii) the maximum internal volume of the box. {2 marks}

10 marks

21.

A plane leaves an airport A (42oN, 35oW) at 9.00 a.m. and flies due North to airport B on latitude 75oN.
(a) Calculate the distance covered by the plane in
(i) Km (take the radius of the earth R = 6371) π = 22/7 {2 marks}

(ii) Nautical miles {1 mark}

(b) After stopping at B for 40 minutes, the plane flew due East to an airport C 1500 km from B. Find
(i) the position of C. {3 marks}

(ii) the local time at C when the plane landed there given that the plane maintained a constant
speed of 500 km/h. {4 marks}

10 marks

22.

(a) Using mid-ordinate rule with 5 strips, estimate the area enclosed by the curve
y = x2 + 2x and the x-axis for -2< x < 3. {4 marks}

(b) Find the exact area by integration. {4 marks}

(c) Find the percentage error in the estimation made in (a) above. {2 marks}

10 marks

23.

23(a) Complete the table below for the function y = x3 – 4x. For -3 < x < 3

 x -3 -2.5 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 y -15 -5.625 1.875 -3 0 15

{2 marks}

(b) Draw the graph of y = x3 – 4x on the grid provided. {3 marks}

(c) Use your graph to solve

(i) x3 – 4x = 0 {1 mark}

(ii) x3 – 4x – 3 = 0 {2 marks}

(iii) x3 – 4x – 4 < 0 {2 marks}

10 marks

24.

A building contractor has two lorries P and Q used to transport at least 42 tonnes of sand to a building site. Lorry P carries 4 tonnes of sand per trip while lorry Q carries 6 tonnes of sand per trip. Lorry P uses 2 litres of fuel per trip while lorry Q uses 4 litres of fuel per trip. The lorries are to use less than 32 litres of fuel. The number of trips made by lorry P should be less than 3 times the number of trips made by lorry Q. Lorry P should make more than 4 trips.

(a) Taking x to represent the number of trips made by lorry P and y to represent the number of trips made by lorry Q, write the inequalities that represent the above information. {4 marks}

(b) On the grid provided, draw the inequalities. {4 marks}

(c) Use the graph in (b) above to determine the number of trips made by lorry P and by lorry Q to deliver greatest amount of sand.

10 marks

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