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Home Science Paper 1

SECTION A (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided.

Soya beans

1 marks


i. Crushed charcoal

ii. Sieved sand

iii. Crushed egg shells

iv. Sieved ash

v. Rough leaves

2 marks


i. Smocking

ii. Shirring

iii. Shell tucks/pin tucks/wider tucks.

iv. Pleats

3 marks


Open/compound fracture is where the bone breaks into small pieces and can even pierce through the skin while closed/simple fracture is where the bone cracks and can only be on an X – ray

2 marks


i. Helps in digestion thus preventing constipation

ii. Promotes bowel movement


. i. Cereals

ii. Fruits

iii. Fibrous vegetable e.g. cow pea leaves

3 marks


i. It is an excretory organ

ii. It is a sensory organ
iii. Regulates the body temperature

iv. The skin protects the entire body by keeping out dirt and harmful germs

v. Action of sunlight on the skin forms vitamin D

vi. It keeps the fluids inside the body.

4 marks


i. Excessive/frequent bleeding e.g. in child birth, menstrual and accidents.

ii. Excessive destruction of red blood cells e.g. in malaria, spleen diseases.

iii. Malfunctioning of bone marrow

iv. Any blood diseases e.g. leukemia, sickle all

v. Infestation of worms.

2 marks


The shape is maintained

ii. Size/fiber is not destroyed/affected

iii. Colour is maintained i.e. it’s not affected hence good for loose colours

iv. A quick method as the clothes dries quickly than when water is used to wash

2 marks


i. Leads to overspending/misuse of money/interferes with the budget

ii. Purchasing of items not planned for/budgeted for.

2 marks


i. Assists in the utilization/absorption of calcium and phosphorus.

ii. For the formation of strong bones and teeth/prevention of suckets/osteomalacia.

iii. It aids in growth.

2 marks


i. They form lather easily even in hard water

ii. They have a high cleansing power

iii. They do not affect the user’s hands/gentle

iv. Effective in any temperature of water i.e. both cold and warm

v. They do not form scum unlike soap

vi. They are available in many varieties i.e. bar, powder, liquid etc

3 marks


i. Prolonged wetness from urine/stool

ii. Nappies not well rinsed

iii. Wet napkins

iv. Use of strong detergents

2 marks


i. She gets the much needed fresh air

ii. Muscles are kept in tone hence help to make delivery easier

2 marks


i. Attractive and can be used in many different ways

ii. Non slippery and thus safe on floors which are often wet e.g. bathrooms, kitchen.

iii. It is durable.

3 marks


Accommodates the thickness of the fabric (overlay)

ii. For ease of fastening/ help in buttoning

iii. Allows movement of the button between the button and the garment

iv. Prevents tearing of the fabric /button stand/to stop straining.

3 marks


a) Snipping

i. Reduces bulk/ excess fabric

ii. Makes curved seams to lie flat

b) Top stitching

. i. For decoration /makes attractive/improves appearance

ii. Reinforces the seams e.g. waistband
c) Binding

i. For decoration

ii. To neaten an edge/enclose an edge.
d) Lining Hides raw edges of the part lined Makes slipping on and off a garment-easy/smooth

4 marks

SECTION B (20 Marks)



i. Cover⅟2 the working surface⅟2

ii. Scrape⅟2 off mud from the shoes using a stick/blunt knife⅟2

iii. Dust⅟2 the shoes using a dry soft cloth/duster⅟2

iv. Wipe outside⅟2 and inside shoes using a soft duster/cloth⅟2 wrung from warm⅟2 soapy ⅟2 water

v. Rinse⅟2 using a cloth wrung from clean⅟2 water

vi. Dry⅟2 with a dry cloth⅟2

vii. Polish ⅟2 shoes by applying polish⅟2 sparingly⅟2 using circular movement with a shoe brush or cloth⅟2

viii. Leave⅟2 the shoes for a few minutes for polish to soak⅟2 into leather.

ix. Shine⅟2 using a dry⅟2 shoe brush/cloth⅟2

x. Stuff⅟2 the shoes to retain their shape xi. Store in a dry clean⅟2 airy place/shoe rack.
b) Outline the steps you will follow to launder your mother’s fast coloured cotton bathing towel.

i. Soak⅟2 in cold⅟2 water overnight

ii. Wrung out of soaking water⅟2

iii. Wash⅟2 in hot/warm soapy⅟2 water using friction method iv. Rinse⅟2 in warm⅟2 water to remove soap and dirt

v. Finally rinse⅟2 in cold ⅟2 water to which a disinfectant⅟2 has been added/boil to kill germs

vi. Hang straight⅟2 in the sun⅟2 on a clothes line⅟2 well secured with pegs⅟2

vii. When dry iron with a hot iron, double parts first on the w.s/press using the hand⅟2 viii. Iron both sides away from the worker

ix. Air fold and store⅟2

20 marks

SECTION C (40 Marks)

Answer any two questions from this section.


i. Electronic media – radio, television, films and internet

ii. Print media - newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, brochures, packaging, billboards etc

iii. Person to person – exhibitions, demonstrations, visits, displays, vantage point, encounters, friends and relatives.
b) State four objectives of advertising

i. To create awareness about the existence of a good or service

ii. To promote sales

iii. Promote interaction between manufacturers and consumers.

iv. Educate/inform consumers on the varieties available for the specific product.

i. Goods and services are of quality

ii. Goods and services are provided at the correct quantities

iii. Prices charged for goods and services are fair

iv. The consumer gets the right information

v. Health of the consumer is maintained

vi. Commodities are available

vii. The consumer enjoys the right to compensation.

i. The right to receive correct information on products and services

ii. The right to safety.

iii. The right to be heard.

iv. The right to choose.

v. The right to compensation.

15 marks


i. Stitching line.

ii. Centerfrout.

iii. Notches.

iv. Straight grain.
v. Cutting line.

i. Colour should blend well with the rest of the decor.

ii. Fabric must be attractively designed

iii. Fabric should be colour fast

iv. Fabric should be shrink resistant

v. Fabric must be crease resistant e.g. for loose cover

vi. Should be durable vii. Should be easy to launder

viii. Should drape well e.g. curtains ix. Resistant to abrasion

x. Should be resistant to long exposure to sunlight e.g. curtains.
c) Give four qualities of a well made opening
i. Should be pressed to lie flat and neat.

ii. Stitching should be neat and fastenings well placed

iii. Finished opening should not be bulky

iv. Both sides of opening must be of same length

v. Should be planned in such a way that if there are any fastenings. Should be fixed on double fabric

. vi. Wrap of the opening must be wide enough to prevent gaping.

d) Sketch three ways of strengthening the top of a patch pocket by machining.

16 marks



i. For decoration The colours of soft furnishings should be well chosen to blend well with the colour scheme of the room to enhance the appearance of the room e.g. bedcovers, curtains, loose covers etc.

ii. For privacy The soft furnishings e.g. curtains should offer maximum privacy.

iii. For comfort Cushions and pillows are used for supporting the body when sitting or sleeping.

iv. For protection Loose chair, covers, bedcovers, etc are used to protect expensive upholstery and bedding from wear and tear as well as dirt.

v. For easy maintenance Loose covers are cheaper to launder than dry cleaning upholstery

vi. For improving the appearance of an unattractive furniture Loose covers can be used to cover ugly upholstery and enhance the appearance of the room as well as wall coverings for the wall.

vii. For filtering excessive light. Curtains control the amount of light coming into the room. This is important especially at night.

viii. For warmth and reduction of noise Carpets reduce noise and add warmth to a room.
i. Should be sufficient to work with/for the work being done
ii. Should enhance interior decoration iii. Should not cause glare

iv. Should be well distributed v. Should not waver or flicker

vi. Should not cause shadow

i. Always remove faded flowers and leaves

ii. Simplicity should be the aim

iii. Cut flower stem transversely for easy absorption of water. Should not be plucked.

iv. Do not overlap flowers; each should come out in full.

v. Always cut off extra leaves vi. Add a spoonful of sugar in the water

vii. Keep flowers from draught

viii. Combine flowers with twigs, pieces of wood etc.

20 marks

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