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KCSE CLUSTER TESTS 26

Art and Design Paper 1

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.
1.
  1. a) i) Tertiary colours are obtained by
  • mixing any one primary colour with a secondary colour (1mrk)

ii) Blue-green, yellow-orange, purple blue, green-yellow, purple-red, red-orange

Any one set (1mrk)

b) Using contrast,

- Group the forms of importance parts

- Use of the unexpected element clement in the composition

- limit the dominant area in the composition to one only.

(4 x ⅟2) =2mrks.

d) Ornamentation – decorating a person/object with ornaments. (1mrk)

Weaving – interlacing warps with wefts on a loom to create a fabric (1mrk)

e) Sculpture techniques – tieing, gluing/pasting, riveting, soldering, and welching.

Any two 2 x 1 = 2mrks

f) Actual texture – the real texture felt physically (1mrk)

Visual texture – the texture perceived from the picture/drawing painting (1mrk)

g) Frottage is created by placing a newsprint paper on a rough surfaces such as bark of trees, bicycle tyres walls a coin etc. and rubbing it with wax crayons or pencils’ to obtain a print.

d) Ornamentation – decorating a person/object with ornaments. (1mrk)

Weaving – interlacing warps with wefts on a loom to create a fabric (1mrk)

e) Sculpture techniques – tieing, gluing/pasting, riveting, soldering, and welching.

Any two 2 x 1 = 2mrks

f) Actual texture – the real texture felt physically (1mrk)

Visual texture – the texture perceived from the picture/drawing painting (1mrk)

g) Frottage is created by placing a newsprint paper on a rough surfaces such as bark of trees, bicycle tyres walls a coin etc. and rubbing it with wax crayons or pencils’ to obtain a print.

20 marks

SECTION B (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section
2.

5 marks

3.
  1. - Aesthetics
  • Religious/ritual
  • Political
  • Social-cultural
  • Utilitarian

2 marks

4.

i) A glaze is a vitreous substance used to cover ceramic wares (plots/cay works) to make them: attractive, durable, impervious to liquids

ii) Advantages of electric kilns(3mrks)

  • the temperatures are set and reached. Can be fired to various temperatures steadily.
  • The fired items are clean since there are no gases/fumes emitted in the kiln.

8 marks

5.
  1. i)A mural painting is a large pictured painted on the surface of the wall with one main theme

ii) three factors to consider when developing a theme are

  • keep the audience (public) in mind
  • simplify the theme
  • keep the theme existing and link it with something current
  • check on the location of the wall.

Any three 1 x 3 = 3mrks

4 marks

6.
  1. i) Tjanting

ii) applying hot wax to the fabric

iii) three materials required are: wax, fabric, dye

iv) batik in fabric decoration.(3mrks)

6 marks

SECTION C (5 Marks)

Answer any one question in this section.
7.
  1. i) Additive is a process of involving the addition of materials to build up a form (1⅟2 marks)

subtraction involves the cutting away of a mass of material until a required shape (form) is created(1⅟2mrks)

ii) An armature in sculpture is a support made of metal or wood frame/skeleton.

Sometimes it is constructed to take the general shape of the form to be modeled.

An armature made out of sticks / ropes

iii) papier Mache’

sock pieces of paper in a pail/container for two to three days. Stir it with a stick to turn to pulp. Add some adhesive/glue to a malleable state.

Construct an armature of the intended form and start filling the parts with paper mache till the whole form is covered. Let it dry and finish the details. Paint or varnish it.

15 marks

8.
  1. i) rigid heddle

ii) A – hole

B – slit

C – slat

D – warp thread

E – shed

iii) the three importance of the rigid heddle is to:

  • space out the warp threads
  • create the shades (openings between the warp threads)
  • It allows patterns to be made.

iv) two materials used in the weaving process strong cotton, wool, sisal, silk.

Any two 1 x 2 =2mrks

v) weaving technique

vi) Any three items produced in this process: rags, belts, mats, bands, cushion covers, wall hangings, and cloth.

1 x 3 = 3mrks

10 marks

9.
  1. i) Definition: collage is an art form/work which is created out of a variety of different textured materials posted on a suitable support. (2mrks)

ii) Materials: paper, support, adhesive/glue, stone pebbles, scales, fabrics labels sawdust, sand, eggshells etc(2mrks)

Tool: brushes, scissors, hammers, knives, blades.

Technique: sketching, pasting, different textured materials.

Finishing: the collage is varnished framed and ready for exhibition (viewing)(2mrks)

iii) characteristics of mosaic

  • textured materials
  • pasted
  • painted/drawn (sometimes)
  • three dimensional (3mrks)

iv) functions

  • wall hangings
  • clothing
  • table tops
  • trays
  • belts
  • bags
  • Fire places. Any four 4 x ⅟2 =2mrks

15 marks

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