Free School Management System
Free School Management System for Kenya

Free School Management System

Learn More


History and Government Paper 1


1(I). -Understanding how the laws are made and enforced.

-Help to understand the development programmes and how they are


-Help one to learn how the government raises and spent revenue.

-Help one to know how powers are put in different institution of the government e.g. legislative, executive and judiciary.

-Helps one to understand and appreciate the need for government.

-Helps one to appreciate the constitution and the processes of making and reviewing laws.

-Help one to know our roles as citizens and role of leaders who govern us. (2 marks)

2 marks


Iteso (1 mark)

1 marks


To enhance security (1 mark)

1 marks



-Crop farming

-Livestock keeping

-Iron making

-Hunting (2 marks)

2 marks


-They acted as the court of appeal.

-Thy settle disputes / maintaining law and order.

-They made laws.

-They advise warriors. (2 marks)

2 marks







-French (2 marks)

2 marks


-To force the African to work in European settler farm. (1 mark)

1 marks




-Somali (2 marks)

2 marks


-Hurry Thuku (1 mark)

1 marks


-Strikes / riots


-Go slow/sit – ins

-Demonstrations and petitions. (2 marks)

2 marks


-To offer cheap labour on European farms (1 mark)

1 marks


-To offer cheap labour on European farms (1 mark

2 marks


-Gave assent to bill before they become law.

-Appointed administrator.

-Supervised provincial administration.

-Hand cases.

-Overall in charge of the colony.

-Represented the British Government / answerable to the British Government. (2 marks)

2 marks


-To protect the country form external attack (1 mark)

1 marks


Independent electrol and Boundaries Commission (IEBC).(No abbreviation used)

1 mark)

1 marks



-Reccurent (2 marks)

2 marks

SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer three questions in this section.

17a. -Increased conflicts in the area of settlement.

-They influenced the way life of other communities they found in other areas (assimilation.)

-Displaced some communities.

-Population increased in the area o settlement.

-Increased trade as they traded with the Nandi and Akamba.

-They adopt agriculture.

-They intermarry with others.

-Enrichment of language /language exchange.

-Exchange of political system e.g. the office of Orkoyot which was borrowed from the Maasai. (5 marks)

b. -The Maasai was ruled by council of elders.

-The council of elders was responsible for maintaining law and order, making decision about ceremonies declaring war.

-There was age-set system which exercised leadership role.

-There existed class of warriors who were called morans who defended community and carried our raids.

-There were netual leaders who’s functions was to preside over religious functions and advice the community during the crisis. (10 marks)

15 marks


18a. -They lived in settlement which were politically independent of each other, they rulers having sultans.

-Majority were Muslims.

-Kiswahili was the common language.

-They participated in Indian Ocean Trade.

-The artchectural design of houses was influenced by Arabs and persons.

-They practised mixed farming.

-They practised fishing.

-Practising spinning and warning.

-States were controlled by Islamic law called Sheria

-They were dressing the Kanzu and buibui.

b. -Rivalry for the controls of Indian Ocean trade.

-Wars of conquest by Portuguese against Coastal settlement.

-Invassion of the settlement by Simbaa warrior community from Zambezi valley.

-They caused wide spread destruction.

-Unfavourable climatic condition which was characteristic by less rainfall and shortage of water e.g. in trade.

-Was between Orman Arabs and Portuguese over the control of Coastal region.

-African middlemen divided trade goods to the Northern routs to avoid towns which were under the portugues.

15 marks


19a. -Women raised money for political parties.

-They participated in public rallies.

-Compose songs in praise of political parties or leaders.

-Pressurized their husbands and other relatives to support the nationalists causes.

b. -Compose songs to mobilize people.

-Actual as spies for Mau Mau warriors.

-Co-ordinated rural networks to supply the provisions needed by the fights.

-They participated in the armed struggling e.g.Marshal Muthoni and Nduta wa kure.

-Were tortured by colonial agents but did not betray the Mau Mau clause.

-Many women were imprisoned and even detained. (12 marks)

15 marks


-Respect other people / there property.

-Obedience to laws of the country.

-Participate in development projects.

-participate in democratic/electrole processes.

-Being loyal/patriotic to one’s country

Practicing integrity / honest when performing duties.

-Reporting law breakers to the authority.

-Efficient use of Natural resources. (5 marks).

b. -Paying school fees to pursue further studies.

-Many education institutions have been constructed using the funds raised.

-Physical facilities have been constructed or improved.

-Teaching / learning materials have been purchased or donated.

-Additional staff /workers.

-Co-curricular activities have been supported by well wishers thus enabling learners to exploit talents.

15 marks

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer three questions in this section.

a. -One become legally recognized member of a country.

-Citizenship confers equal rights of all before the law.

-Citizenship confers certain privileges e.g. voting rights. (3 marks)

. b. Showing disloyalty.

-Direct participation in war against Kenya.

-Trading and assisting any other form of assistance to enemy countries.

-Imprisonment by account of law in any country for a period or more before the expiry of five years after registration/nationalization.

-Living for a period of seven years without good cause.

-Obtaining citizenship through false ways. (fraud).

-By parliament act /decision.

-Possession of two citizenship.

15 marks


a. - Court o appeal

- Chief magistrate court

- Resident magistrate court.

- Senior principle magistrate court.

- Special courts /tribunals.


–in order to make the co-ordination of Government programmes and administration effectively.

-To enable the government to facilitate division of labour.

-To prevent abuse of power and provide cheques and balance.

-To promote efficient service delivery.

-It is a constitutional requirement.

- To enhance accountability and transparence.

-To ensure that no arm of the government interfere with other.

15 marks


23a. -Advise and assist the president.

-Discuss matters of National and international concern.

-Formulate government policies

-Initiate bills and table government bills in the house.

-Give direction to the respective ministries. (5 marks)

b. -Poor payment and terms of service.

-Corruption which is high.

-Job insecurity due to retrenchment.

-Inadequate funds.

-Long and to cumbersome government procedure.

-Inefficient and incompetence of some office. (10 marks)

15 marks

Back Top