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Chemistry Paper 2


a) i J2M √1

ii) K is more√1 reactive than N because K has smaller nuclear√1 attraction than N/0 N is less reactive than K. N has large nuclear attraction than K. 2

iii) K has larger√1 atomic size than O. Electron to proton repulsion is lesser in K than in O. K has smaller nuclear attraction than O. 2

b) Ionic.√½ ½

c) i) Decrease in reactivity due to difficulty to loss outer electrons.√1 1

ii) Increase in reactivity due to ease to gain electrons.√1

II R - Ionic bond√½ ½

U - Covalent bond√½ ½

III i) The Chloride of U forms a simple molecular structure√1 with lower melting point while its Oxide forms a giant atomic structure√1 with higher melting point. 2

ii) Chloride of T sublimes.√1

14 marks


a) F – Lead II Nitrate√1

G – Nitrogen IV Oxide√1

H – Oxygen gas.√1

M- Lead II Oxide√1

J - Lead II Nitrate solution √1

5 Penalize if formular

b) Thermal decomposition.√1

d) Pass the gas on moist √½blue litmus paper. The blue litmus paper turns from blue to red.√½

f) Solution K……..Nitric (V) acid√½ ½ Insoluble salt Lead (II) Sulphate√½ ½

g) Add√1 excess Copper to Nitric (V) acid. Filter√½ to obtain the filtrate of Copper II Nitrate Add excess √½Ammonium Sodium /Potassium Carbonate to the filtrate to obtain √½the residue of Copper (II0 Carbonate. Wash with distilled water, dry between filter paper

13 marks


a) E - Anode √½

F - Cathode √½ ½

b) E - Red/brown gas √1 ½

F - Grey solid√1

e) Ions become localised√½

due to resolidification √½of PbBr2. 1

f) Electolysis.√1 1

g) Prevent rusting/corrosion √

9 marks


i) J – Propan-l-ol √1 1

L -2-Chloroprop-l-ene √1 1

(ii) Concentrated sulphuric VI acid. √1

Heat (1600C-1800C) √1 2

(iii) Reagent - Hydrogen gas√1

1 Condition - 180-2000C √1

1 -Nickel catalyst√1

1 -Packaging papers

1 (iv) Making rain coat Insulators Electric cables

1 Square bottles/wash bottles/toys

(v) i) Are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formula

12 marks


a) i) Concentrated sulphuricVI acid√1 1

ii) Potassium Nitrate √1 1

b) i) Nitric (V) acid is a stronger oxidizing agent√½.

It will corrode/react/attract rubber√½. 1

ii) Nitric (V) acid is reduced to Nitrogen II Oxide√½ gas (colourless)√½.

The gas in open is oxidized by oxygen to Nitrogen√½ IV Oxide (brown gas)√½ 2

c) i) Water/steam/cracking of alkanes√/natural gas√ crude oil/water gas (CO+H2)/Biogas petroleum /etc. any two (2 marks) 2

ii) Electrolysis of dilute NaCl

iii) -Explosive/hence use in production of TNT. -Production of polymers (e.g. terylene) plastics/dyes. -Oxidizing agent. -Purification of gold or platinum/manufacture of roya/ water. (any two=2 marks) 2 6

12 marks


9 marks


A)i) Grey solid turns to green. Iron is oxidized by hydrogen chloride gas to iron II chloride which is green.√ 2

ii) Iron III Chloride√ (accept correct formular)/ FeCl3 1

iii) It sublimes √1 and hydrolyses in the presence of water.(any one property 1 mark) 1

iv) To keep solid R dry.√1 1

v) Manganese IV Oxide and concentrated hydrochloric acid √1 (both must be correct.1

vi) It would form and then hydrolyse to a solution containing hydrochloric acid. Hence not collected as a sublimate. 1

vii) A part from drying √½ the gas it also absorbs √½ excess chlorine gas which is poisonous if left to escape. 1 B)

i) Yellow deposit.√1 Chlorine gas oxidizes hydrogen sulphide to sulphur which is yellow√1.

11 marks

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