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Islamic Religious Education Paper 1


(a)How man should relate to Allah according to Sura Al Fatiha

-Man should worship Allah

-Man should consider himself as passive , dependent and limited before Allah

-Man should adore Allah through praise

-Man should expect mercy and grace from Allah

-Man should expect to be judged by Allah

-Man should expect to be nourished and sustained by Allah

-Man should expect to be guided by Allah towards the path of profit and grace (righteousness) ( 7 x 1 marks)

(b)Reason why the Qur an is not the work of any man

-It is inimitable

-Its language is unique and perfect

-Contains information about distant past

-Its language has the power to move souls long after it was revealed

-Its eloquence is extraordinary

-Its choice and arrangement of words remained consistent throughout the 23 years of its revelation

-Contains information about the unknown

-Its teaching conform to natural human needs

-Contains prophesies and eschatological events ( 7 x 1 marks)

(c) Disadvantages of reciting the Qur an in Kiswahili?

-Kiswahili words may not give the precise meaning of the original

-Kiswahili words may lack divine quality and grace of the original

-Kiswahili words may loose the rhythm and the rhyme of the original

-Kiswahili words may lead to confusion and misguidance

-Kiswahili words may not be adequate to translate all Arabic words

-Kiswahili words may not express all the shades of meaning of the Arabic words ( 6 x 1)

20 marks


(a)Places where Qur an is in Kenya today

-Mosques where it is recited during prayers

-Learning institutions where it is used as a reference book

-Courts where it is used for swearing Muslim witnesses

-Private homes where it is recited as a routine in remembrance of Allah

-Parliament where it is used to swear in Muslim members
-Public rallies / meeting / seminars where it is recited to supplicate and educate the participants

-Hospitals where it is recited in supplications for the sick

-Prisons where it is recited to console the Muslim inmates

-Graveyards where it is recited during supplication for the dead

(b)Significance of sura an Nasr

-Provides a supplication for victory against enemies, salvation from hellfire and acceptance of one’s prayer

-It shows that Allah should be exalted

-It shows that Allah should be adored

-It shows that Allah is the source of victory and success

-It shows that that Allah is forgiving

-It shows that man should exercise humility and modesty in victory

-It shoes that Muslims should seek Allah’s forgiveness

-It shows that help come from Allah

-It shows that truth will prevail over falsehood ( 7 x 1 marks)

(c) Ways in whish angel Jibreel affected the revelation of the Qur an

-Delivered portions of the Qur an to prophet Muhammad (S.A.W)

-Taught the revelatory message to prophet Muhammad (S.A.W)

-Facilitated the arrangement of the Qur anic passages

-Revised the Qur an with prophet Muhammad (S.A.W)

-Proof read the Qur an for authenticity

-Transferred the Qur an from the preserved slate (Lauhal Mahfudh)to the temple of glory (Baitil Izzah) in the lowest heaven ( 6 x 1 marks)

20 marks


(a)Ways in which Hadith was formulated

-Through prophet Muhammad’s own initiative

-Through prophet Muhammad’s response to questions

-Through meeting requirement of situation

-Through prophet Muhammad’s interpretation of the Qur an ( 4 x 2 marks )

(b)Difference between Rawi and Muhadith

-A rawi is a collector of Hadith while a Muhaddith is a person who knows and narrates Hadith and their chain of transmitters

-A Rawi may not appear in the Isnad while a Muhaddith may appear in the Isnad

-Most Rawis lived in the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.H while most Muhaddiths lived in the 1st century A.H ( 3 X 2 marks)

(c) Islamic attitude towards education according to the teachings of Hadith

-Seeking knowledge is a religious duty for all Muslims

-Seeking knowledge is an act of piety

-Seeking knowledge is a form of Jihad

-Knowledge empowers one against evil

-Seeking knowledge elicits divine rewards
-Knowledge should be pursued with diligence (6 x 1 marks)

20 marks


(a)Distinctive measures taken by Muslim women when performing Hajj rituals

-They do not raise their voices when reciting Talbiyya

-They do not jog (raml)during Tawaf and Saayi

-They do not uncover their right shoulders during hajj (Al Ittiba)

-They perform Tawaf on the outer circles

-They are allowed to put on their normal attires during Ihram

-They are allowed to wear shoes

-They do not perform Tawaf when on menses (6 x 1 marks)

(b)Importance of Qibla in the life of a Muslim

-Provides direction to face when praying

-Provides a uniform sense of purpose and focus

-Provides a connection to the spiritual center of Islam

-Promotes unity among Muslims

-Provides direction to face when slaughtering an animal

-Provides direction to face the deceased Muslim during burials ( 6 x 1 marks)

(c) Teaching of Islam on shahada

-It is the first pillar of Islam

-It is declaration of faith in God and the prophethood of Muhammad (S.A.W)

-It is the confession entry to Islam

-It is a religious duty that elicits rewards when recited

-It elicits divine mercy when recited at the time of death

-It consist of two parts :Nafaa (Negation – Lailaha – No god), Ithbat (Affirmation of one true God – IIIa lIah - affirmation of prophethood of Muhammad (S.A.W)

-It should be proclaimed with Knowledge, certainty ,sincerity, truthfulness, love for Allah, submission and acceptance

-It strengthens relationship with Allah ( 8 x 1 marks)

20 marks


(a) Factors to consider before a thief’s hand is cut off according to Shariah

Age – When the thief is Mukallaf

Intention of the thief –when the motive is criminal

Quantity of stolen item –When the stolen goods exceeds the minimum value (Nisab)

Lawfulness of the stolen items

Relationship of the thief to the owners of the item – When the owners of the stolen goods are not related to the thief

Reliability of the witnesses

Supervision by a judicial authority

-Place from which the goods were stolen-The goods should have been stolen from one’s custody. -
(b)Name of the five imams of fiqh

-Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal who is the founderof Hanbali Madh hab

-Imam Ja’far Assidiq who is the founder of Ja’fari(Shia)law

-Imam Abu Hanifa who is the founder of Hanafi Madh hab

-Imam Malik bin Anas who is the founder of Maliki Madh hab

-Imam Shafii who is the founder of Maliki Madh hab ( 5 x 1 marks)

(c) Reasons why it is important for Muslims to maintain cleanliness at all times

-To earn divine rewards

-To become close to Allah

-To fulfill the requirement of performing acts of worship

-To attain faith

-To fulfill their duty to Allah

-To promote health

-To promote dignity and respectability
( 5 x 2 marks)

20 marks


(a)Ways in which Muslims prepare for Qiyama today (8marks)

-Observing regular prayers

-Fasting during the month of Ramadhan

-Engaging in the remembrance of Allah (Dhikir)

-Assisting the poor, the needy and the weak in the society

-Repenting for sins committed

-Planting trees

-Engaging in religious Da’wa

-Desisting from overindulgence in material comforts of the world (8 x 1marks)

(b)Qualities of a nabi

-He is divinely ordained

-He brings good tidings of the possibility of salvation from Hell and warns of punishment for wrong doers

-He is exempted from sins (Ma’asum)

-He works miracles

-He is free from repulsive diseases

-He knowledgeable

-He possess high moral integrity (6 x 1marks)

( c) Reasons why Allah sent scripture to mankind
-To unify human society

-To create relationship with man

-To create God consciousness in man

-To help man realize the purpose of existence

-To help man discover the path of righteousness

-To help man overcome the challenges of life ( 6 x 1 marks

20 marks

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