Free School Management System
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SECTION A (30 Marks)Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided
(a). Prolactine hormone. 1 x ½ = ½ mark
(b). -Poor milking technique.
-Presence of strangers.
-Inflicting pair to the animal.
-Absence of the calf.
-Change of routine/milkman. 3 x ½ =1½ marks
Crutching is the removal/clipping of wool around the reproductive system of the ewe while ringing is the cutting of wool round the penis sheath of the ram to facilitate mating. ( mark as a whole) 1 x 1 = 1 mark
–Prevents moisture rising up the wall.
-prevent coldness from ascending. 2 x ½ = 1 mark
-Hack saw 2 x ½ = 1 mark
-Bit 4 x ½ = 2 marks
-Low protein content
-Plant origin 2 x ½ = 1 mark
–Repair of tissues.
-Need for formation of enzymes/hormones.
-Essential component in body cells.
-Need for cell division and growth.
-Formation of expected products 4 x½ =2 marks
-Bright light in poultry houses.
-Overcrowding in poultry houses.
-Introduction of new birds.
-Prolapse – cloaca does not retract. 4 x ½ = 2 marks
–Lack of calcium in the diet of chicken.
-Attack by diseases e.g. new castle.
-Lack of vitamin D. 2 x ½ = 1 mark
-Draining swampy areas.
-Burning of the infested pastures during dry season.
-Adding copper sulphate solution to stagnant water to kill the water snails. 4 x ½ = 2 marks
Roughage is feed with high fibre content and low in energy while a concentrate is a feed with low fibre content and high in energy content. 1 mark each = 2 marks
–Good stable length.
-Should be soft.
-Should be elastic.
-Should be white in colour.
-Should be pure /without impurities.
-Should be fine.
-Have good strength. 4 x 1 =4marks
(a). -Zoonotic disease: A disease which attacks both man and livestock and is spread through contact ½ mark.
-Rift valley fever 2 x ½ = 1 mark
–For free air circulation in the house.
-Controls temperature in the house.
-Prevents the inside of the house from becoming humid. 2 x 1 = 2 marks
-Spraying with appropriate insecticides.
-Trapping and killing. 3 x ½ = 1½ marks
–Disinfect the teats.
-Apply milking salve on teats.
-Weigh the milk.
-Cooling the milk.
-Straining /sieving the milk.
-Cleaning utensils. 4 x ½ = 2 marks
–Should be well maintained to work with.
-Each tool should be used for the correct job.
-keep tools in a tool rack.
-Put protective clothing.
-Should have enough working space.
-Handle tools carefully and correctly. 4 x ½ = 2 marks
-To provide food.
-To do work.
-Source of income.
-Provision of raw materials. 2 x ½ = 1 mark
SECTION B (20 Marks)Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided
(a). -Insulate floor preventing heat loss.
-Absorbs moisture avoiding dampness. 2 x ½ = 1 mark
(b). -Wood shaving
-Rice husks 2 x ½ = 1 mark
(c). -Reflect radiation heat back to concentration it within the brooder.
-Prevent chicks from straying far from heat source. 2 x 1 = 2 marks
R = Damp proof course (pvc)
T =Hard core
X = Concrete
W = Nil 4 x ½ = 2 marks
-Easy to clear
-Attractive 4 x ½ = 2 marks
(a). -Crushing and straining. 1 mark
(b). -Method of extraction.
-Stage of maturity /time of harvesting.
-Amount of smoke used.
-Presence of impurities.
-Types of plant from which nectar is collected. 4 x½= 2 marks
–Improving implantation of embryo in the uterus.
-Increase lambing percentage.
-Increase conception rate.
-Increase ovulation. 3 x 1 = 3 marks
-Formation of bones and teeth.
SECTION C (40 Marks)Choose any two questions from this section
(a). -Claw hammer- driving and removing nails from wood.
-Tape measure/ metre rule –measuring lengths of pieces of material to be used.
-Clamp – for holding pieces of wood together when joining or cutting.
-Hand saw – for cutting wood except hack saw.
-Wood chisel/brace/hand drill and bits –for boring holes in wood.
-Mallet – for hitting chisel when boring holes in wood.
-Wooden pliers – for smoothening wood.
-Try square – for determining right angles on cutting point or timber.
-Marking gauge/mortise gauge – for marking points to cut.
-Ball pane hammer – for straightening /shaping sheets of metal.
(b). -Site should have many flowering plants.
-For bees to collect nectar easily.
-Site be shaded to prevent overheating of the hive.
-Should be far from livestock structures and homesteads.
-Should be near water source e.g. rivers, wells, dams etc.
-Should be far from noise e.g. roads, schools, airstrips etc. 5 x 1 = 5 marks
(c). –More work done in short time/faster operation.
-Efficient timing of operations.
-Produce quality work.
-Economical use of labour where labour is expensive.
-Increased production due to economies of large scale production.
-Makes work easier and enjoyable. 5 x 1 = 5 marks
-Construct a brooder of good size.
-Ensure the corners of the brooder are rounded.
-Provide functional feed troughs and waterers.
-Cover the litter with old newspapers.
-Sprinkle chick marsh on old newspaper.
-Provide a source of heat for warmth.
-Protect the chicken from a source of heat to avoid accidents.
-Waters and feeders should be well distributed in the brooder.
-Introduce growers mash from 6th -8th weeks.
-Cull the sick chicken.
-Debeak the birds to prevent cannibalism.
-Introduce the layers mash from the 16th week.
-Provide grit for digestion.
-Provide perches for roasts.
-Keep feeders and waterers clean.
-Provide green vegetables to keep birds busy.
-Ensure the litter is dry and free from dust by adding lime.
-Controls pests/ parasites using appropriate methods.
-Provide enough calcium in the diet.
-Maintain and repair the houses as need arises.
-Control diseases using appropriate methods.
-Drop some grains on the floor for scratching and pecking.
-Remove the dead birds from the house.
-Provide the laying nests.
(a). -Age of the animal.
-Sex of the animal.
-Colour of the animal.
-Breed of the animal.
-Species of the animal.
-Nutrition of the animal.
-Change of weather condition.
(b). -Gentle slopes for easy drainage.
-Accessibility/centrally placed in the community.
-Wind direction/lee ward side of the farm.
-Away from natural sources of water to avoid pollution.
-Space for construction and collection of animals.
-Type of soil to prevent soil erosion and seepage of dipwash.
-Source of water for filling dip tank.
(c). -Repair the leaking roof.
-Replace broken timber rails.
-Clean foot bath before and after dipping.
-Clean dip tank regularly.
-Check and maintain the concentration of the accaricide (dipwash).
-Top up the level of the dip wash with accaricide and water.
-Repair cracks in the collecting yard/foot bath/draining yard.