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1 (20 Marks)Imaginative composition (compulsory)
1(a) Imaginative essay
Points of interpretation
-Must be a story if not deduct upto FOUR MARKS AD.
-The story must illustrate the saying. In not deduct upto 4 mark AD. For irrelevancy.
-The essay must not exceed 2 pages if it does, deduct 2 MK AD for length.
-Do not penalize for length if the essay is too short.
(b) -It must be a story if not deduct upto 4 marks AD.
-If the essay does not end with the given sentence, deduct 2 marks.
-The story should bring out a character who has been misunderstood in a society and then highlight an encounter or an incident that the character is involved in which he/she does something positive and hence convince the narrator that he/she deserves appreciation and understanding.
2 (20 Marks)The compulsory Set Text
The play Caucasian Chalk Circle revolves around the big question of failures to do what is expected of those with direct and indirect responsibilities on destiny of most characters.
In the first instance Georgi Abashwili, the governor before his death is seen ignoring the subjects who lined up on Easter Sunday to see his son and be addressed by him. These are the beggars and petitioners who were whipped by the soldiers. These beggars and petitioners could be having genuine issue. In his reign there were so many beggars thus people have been impoverished. He betrays his trust on his people.
Natella the mother of Michael fails to secure her young baby when a coup was staged on Easter Sunday. She abandons the baby. She was preoccupied with her clothes and haranguing the servants. She lacks motherliness. She is not to be trusted.
Another area of failure is when Grusha travelled to the Northern Mountains her brother Lavrenti Vashnadze failed to stage a welcome befitting a sister who has been ravaged by the machinations of war. She is sick and needs food, medicine and rest together with the adopted child. The religious Aniko proves a big hindrance to this help from his brother. This is outright betrayal when they settled on asking her questions instead of giving her comfort.
Another area of failure is when Lavrenti cannot house Grusha any more and marries her off to a â€œdying manâ€ through a drunk monk. He pays for this activity. As religious people Lavrenti and his wife betrays their duty of being their brotherâ€™s keeper Lavrenti is caved and blackmalled by his wife who is religious and â€˜sensitiveâ€™
Azdak the judge reveals hiding the Grand Duke for a night. He went to confess this act but soldiers donâ€™t believe him.
Azdak became a judge in very controversial circumstances. The soldiers endorse him after the mock trial where her outwitted Kazbekiâ€™s cousin. This is betrayal because he steals rabbits.This vetting and endorsement is betrayal. The people got a rascal judge instead of good one.
Also the judgements of Azdak are all questionable. Azdak betrayed his call as a judge because he did not dispense justice correctly, fairly or justly. Azdak, did not refer to the law book when executing his judgements. He used to sit on the book, thus â€œsittingâ€ on justice// He rewarded the criminals in his rulings.
Jussup is dishonest to pretend to be dying only to â€œresurrectâ€ when the war is declared to be over. Jussup abuses his mother, throws the visitors out and is generally very indecent, in his talk and behaviour. Jusssup does not come out as honest. He does not assist the nation nor his mother. Instead he betrays his mother as a son and the country as a fighter for security.
N/B Any other relevant point on betrayal
Points of interpretation
For a candidate to score three marks per point; he must show the following.
i. Mention a character who fails to help 1 mark
ii. Describe in details the assistance required and by whom. 1 mark
iii. How he fails to help what he/she does instead of helping the character in need. 1 mark
3 (20 Marks)The optional Set Texts
A patriarchy is a social system in which men have all or most power and influence. In this story, this position is enjoyed by men is however challenged when the author elevates women in all that they do. Content/Body A giso,one of the daughters asks her mother, Achiengâ€™ why they cannot live in the bamboo hut which to her is clean,1 cosy cool and beautiful because it has bamboo beds and beaded stools. She tells her mother that she herself will ask the chief that t hey live in the bamboo hut. She says she is not afraid of the chief if the mother is.1
When Achiengâ€™1 gives birth to twins â€“a girl and a boy-her long-nursed desire for a son turns her heart against the girl and she weeps bitterly1. She makes a grass-basket and lines it with leaves. She lays Apiyo there and hides the basket near the well, and walks home with the boy1. The girl however survives and becomes a beautiful woman. On one of his regular walks to the sacred Hill, the chief encounters1 a group of young woman carrying loads of firewood1.The girls leave the path and hide behind the long bushes to let him pass. One girl however puts her load down and when he gets closer, she bows her head and greets him. He teases her why she is not afraid of the chief like her sisters.1 When a group of half a dozen women1 are swimming at the river, one of the older ones spots Owiny, she rushes out of the river telling. â€œThe chiefâ€™s son! All girls except one hide and when asked why she was not afraid she replied that its because the son of the chief does not respect ladies privacy.1 When told that he now knows women shriek, he goes home and tells the chief the he liked the girl very much.
In conclusion, the story clearly captures the important position that women are rising too. There is a reversal of roles and women want to be heard not only to be seen.
Points of interpretation
i. Men in superior position or of influence.
ii. Challenge to the expected tradition. iii. Elevation of women/reversed roles. 3 : 3 : 3 : 3 = 12 marks
(b) Introduction 2 marks There are incidences of corruption in the play which takes the form of bribery. Kick backs, nepotism, favoritism, tribalism and stealing.
In the play Betrayal in the City corruption is evidently a widespread vice in Kafira. Bossâ€™s regime uses corruption tot preserve its power by rewarding the sycophants, cronies paid relatives with public property and power. Mulili and Tumbo are made high ranking government officers even though they are illiterate.
The entertainment Committee is evidently a group of incompetent people who are only interested in the size of the â€œpotatoâ€. They spend more time discussing the pay than working. In order to earn more money they decide to meet more often// Kabito is found sleeping before the meeting, and Mulili comes late.
Bribery is evident when Kabito confesses that he spent the whole of the nightbeing nice to people/ in order to get the lucrative tender. The tender through nepotism is later awarded to Mulili after he calls Bossâ€™s personal intervention.
Jusper is fraudulently awarded, the awarded contract to write the play by Mr. Tumbo, probably because Jusper is Reginaâ€™s â€œcousinâ€ in the paper. Instead of conducting a play writing competition as was appropriate. Tumbo just awards usper the contract to write the play. He also promises to publish the news of â€œJusperâ€™s play winning competitionâ€ in the papers.
Mulili is sycophantly loyal to Boss because he has allocated him public land. He uses his closeness to Boss to enrich himself and to settle vendettas or revenge mission. When he quarrels with Kabito he lies to Boss so as to get his blessing to kill Kabito.
The Askari asserts that in Kafira â€˜You need a tall relative to get anythingâ€™ these daysâ€ Corruption impoverished the citizens of Kabira by // denying them deserved opportunities and robbing off public property. The common citizens who only benefit the powerful individuals want. As Jusper put it, the fruits of independence reach them. (common citizens) second hand. Any other relevant point. Points of interpretation The candidate should bring out
(i) â€“ An incident involving bribery, kickbacks, nepotism, favouritism, tribalism, stealing and pilferage â€“ 1 mark -Mention the details and the characters involved â€“ 1 mark -Comment on why the issue at hand is a corrupt practice â€“ 1 mark Introduction â€“ 2 marks Body â€“ 3 : 3: 3:3 = 12 marks LA -4 marks Conclusion -2 marks Total â€“ 20 marks
(c) Introduction2 People tend to extend favours to those close to them or those related to them. While they discriminate against others. This discrimination is more often based on colour, tribe, religion and other affiliations. Racism has had a drastic effect on human society. NB Accept any other relevant introduction provided it is tied to the question. Content/Body Nani flowers on learning that Rawin wants to torn Papaua 1 New Guinea, she advises him against it. She admonishes him that he will be eaten up because the people there are cannibal.1 Since they do not accommodate people from other parts of the world.1 When Rawin visits Jeff itâ€™s obvious to Jeffâ€™s mother that Rawin was too black.1 When he stepped off the plane, he could hear her wondering how she would expain to the women at the Bridge club1 since she felt that Jeff was a disappointment to the family.1 Among other things, Jeff identifies Papua New Guinea with his tribalism1. It was a country divided into tribal groups with different tongues1. This made Jeff feel out of place.1 In Australia and Papua New Guinea, Rawin had to see himself as a Maori1 due to the discrimination he faced.1 Although Rawin and Jeff are getting, on well,1 Jeffâ€™s parents were always pushing to associate people of his own kind.1 This has made Rawin to associate with the natives.1 When invited to a reception at Port moves by,1 Jeffâ€™s mother had an assumption that Rawin should not 1 with them but he should rather remain and take care of the plantation.1 At the reception, racism comes out rife, when Jeffâ€™s mother 1 her
Embarrassment due to Rawinâ€™s presence.1 She dissociates herself from Rawin. Rawin heard her telling guest that Jeff always brings home â€œdogs and straysâ€. After commenting so Rawin noted her laughter glitter like knives.â€1 On her way back to Mount Hagen, when the family hit a native man1 and Jeff was on his way to help him, Clara was hard on him. She commented that he was just a native.1 When Rawin goes to help him, Clara yells at him that she could see Bernardâ€™s people coming for a payback. She yelled at Raw in to leave him there.1 Bernardâ€™s issue was concluded as just an accident1. It was a case of a native walking carelessly on the side of the road1. A native was not supposed to be there. Being a native, Rawin thought he might be the next. This racist incident makes Rawin fly out of Mount Hagen.1 Conclusion2 The world should come out strongly to condemn all aspects of discrimination. People who have experienced racism are left hurt emotionally, psychologically, and sometimes physically. 3 : 3 : 3 : 3 = 12 Points of interpretation i. Perpetrator and recipient of the act. 1 mark ii. Incident of discrimination. 1 mark iii. Effect of the discrimination on the recipient/candidates comments.