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KCSE CLUSTER TEST 14

Agriculture Paper 2

SECTION A (30 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided.
1.

-Unblocking the nozzle.

-Cleaning after use/work

-Greasing the pumping handle.

-Proper storage.

-Repair the broken parts. (4 x ½ = 2 marks)

2 marks

2.

-Body weight/size.

-Available feeds.

-Nutrients composition.

-Cost of feeds.

-Ingredients required in the ration.

-Level of production of the animal.

-Stage/age of growth.

-Type of production. (4 x ½ = 2 marks)

2 marks

3.

-Blocked fallopic

–tube.

-Retained placenta.

-Presence of vaginitis diseases.

-Damaged uterus.

-Lack of nutrients like vitamin E. (4 x ½= 2 marks)

1.5 marks

4.

-Poor quality work unless under strict supervision/poor skill of the operator.

-Not readily available leading to late land preparation. (4 x ½ = 2 marks)

1 marks

5.

-Skin

-Eye

-Nose

-Anus

-Genital organs.

-Mammary glands.

-Umbilical cord.

-Mouth. - Rej. Eating, drinking, wounds (4 x ½ = 2 marks)

2 marks

6.

-Volatile fatty acids.

-Amino acids.

-Ammonia.

-Vitamin B complex and vitamin K (2 x ½ = 1 mark)

1 marks

7.

-Plumb bob/plumb line.

-Mason’s trowel.

-Spirit level.

-Wood float/steel float

. -Mason line/string.

-Mason’s square. (4 x ½ = 2 marks)

2 marks

8.

-Washing the cow with cold water.

-Beating the cow (maltreatment in the process of milking).

-Change of milk man.

-Unfamiliar noise.

-Absence of food during milking. (4 x ½= 2 marks)

2 marks

9.

(i) Hoof trimming

– hoof trimming knife, hoof cutter, hoof vesp.

(ii) Dusting to control external parasite

– insecticides.

(iii) Deworming

– Bolus gun, drenching gun. (3 x ½= 1½ marks)

1 marks

10.

. (i) Hoof trimming – hoof trimming knife, hoof cutter, hoof vesp.

(ii) Dusting to control external parasite – insecticides.

(iii) Deworming – Bolus gun, drenching gun. (3 x ½= 1½ marks)

1.5 marks

11.

2 marks

12.

Pica behaviour (1 mark)

1 marks

13.

-Does not require use of highly skilled personnel.

-Animals are cheaper to buy and maintain.

-Work output from animals is higher than that of human beings.

-Animals can work in all topographies including steep areas.

-Animals work better on small holding. (4 x ½ marks)

2 marks

14.

–Cross cut saw cuts wood across the grain while held at 450 to the work while rip saw cuts wood along grain while held at an angle of 600 to the work. (1 marks)

1 marks

15.

–Inadequate cooling-produce less power

–heat easily

–requires heavy lubrication oil to cool them. 4x ½ =2 marks

2 marks

16.

. (i) The period between infection and manifestation /appearance of the symptoms of a disease.

(ii) A disease caused by a pathogen which enters the body and causes the development of an infection. (2 x 1 = 2 marks)

2 marks

17.

-Feeding -Fertilization of the pond/addition of manure.

-Maintaining water level.

-Changing of water.

-Desilting the fish ponds.

-Repair of pond and the fence.

-Cropping /selective removal of excess fish.

-Control of predation. (4 x ½=2)

2 marks

18.

-Clutch.

-Gear box

-Differential

-Final /drive

2 marks

SECTION B (20 Marks)

Answer ALL the questions in this section in the spaces provided
19.

(i) A - strut

B – Purlin

C – Rafter (3 x½ = 1 ½marks)

(ii) -Security

-Accessibility

-Nearness to social amenities.

-Direction of prevailing wind.

-Topography of the area/drainage/gradient of land.

-Type of soil.

-Government policy.

-Future expansion.

-Farmer preferences/panoramic view.

-Sewage disposal. (4 x ½= 2 marks)
3 © LAIKIPIA COUNTY 2014 443/2
(iii) -Availability of materials to be used. -Durability of the materials. -Suitability of the material to the local environmental conditions of an area. -Needs of the structure. -Availability of the capital. -Design of the structure. -Types of structure in permanent/temporary.

2 marks

20.

(a) -Tapeworm/Taenia sp(½ mark)

(b) -Small intestine (½ mark)

(c) -Pig/cattle /goats/sheep (½ mark)

(d) -Starring/rough coat

-Oedematono swelling under the jaws.

-Presence of parasite segments/ proglottides in feces.

-Excessive/ravenous appetite.

-General emaciation.

-Obstruction /blockage of intestines.

-Anaemia.

-Pot belly. (3 x 1 = 3 marks)

(e) -Maintaining proper farm hygiene.

-Practicing rotational grazing to starve larvae to death.

-Regular deworming.

-Proper sewage disposal.

-Eating properly cooked meat. (3 x ½ =1½marks)

2 marks

21.

. (i) E (½ mark)

(ii) F – High pressure /excess pressure. (1 mark)

G – Low pressure /less pressure (1 mark)

(iii) F – Deflate to correct pressure. (1 mark)

G – Inflate to correct pressure (1 mark)

2 marks

22.

(i) H – Burdizzo

J – Pickaxe

K – Adjustable spanner

L – Ring spanner (4 x ½ = 2 marks)

(ii) - Tool K can be used for tightening or loosening more than two sizes of nuts and bolts. (1 x 1 = 1 mark)

(iii) -Clean after use.

-Lubricate the moving part.

-Paint when being stored for long. (3 x ½ = 1 mark)

2 marks

SECTION C (40 Marks)

Answer any two questions from this section in the spaces provided after question 25.
23.

. (a)i) Protozoa /coccidia

ii) -Ruffled feathers

-Dullness.

-Dysentry /bloody faeces.

-Emaciation.

-Diarrhoea. (5 x 1 = 5 marks)

iii) -Use of coccidiostats

-Isolate infected birds.

-Avoid common water points.

-Avoid overcrowding in the poultry houses.

-Avoid wet, filthy and unhygienic surroundings.

(b) 2 –stroke 4 - stroke
-Consumes less fuel

-Consumes more fuel

-Low maintenance cost

-Higher maintenance cost

-Low level of skills to operate

– High level of skill to operate.

-Cheap to but

- Expensive to buy

-Economical in light tasks

- Uneconomical as it uses more fuel.

-Can be used in rough terrains.

–Bigger and heavier and designed for tough jobs. (5 x 1 = 5 marks – mark as a whole)

(c) (i) Clean cows – clean udder and flanks before milking.

(ii) Clean milking shed – clean milking parlour after every milking.

(iii) Healthy milking herd – Treat sick animals to avoid spreading diseases.

(iv) Healthy and clean milkman – milkers should not have contagious diseases.

(v) Clean utensils - Utensils should be seamless and smooth to easy cleaning.

(vi) Milk filtration, cooling and storage – for milk to be clean, filter and store under low temperatures.

20 marks

24.

(a)i) Protozoa /coccidia

ii) -Ruffled feathers

-Dullness.

-Dysentry /bloody faeces.

-Emaciation. -Diarrhoea. (5 x 1 = 5 marks)

iii) -Use of coccidiostats

-Isolate infected birds.

-Avoid common water points.

-Avoid overcrowding in the poultry houses.

-Avoid wet, filthy and unhygienic surroundings.

i) Clean cows – clean udder and flanks before milking.

(ii) Clean milking shed – clean milking parlour after every milking.

(iii) Healthy milking herd – Treat sick animals to avoid spreading diseases.

(iv) Healthy and clean milkman – milkers should not have contagious diseases.

(v) Clean utensils - Utensils should be seamless and smooth to easy cleaning.

(vi) Milk filtration, cooling and storage – for milk to be clean, filter and store under low temperatures.

20 marks

25.

(a) -Supervise lambing ad assist when need be.

-Allow mother to lick the lamb.

-Incase of retained placenta, exercise the ewe to encourage expulsion.

-Cut and disinfect umbilical cord.

-Ensure the lamb is breathing well and if not apply artificial respiration.

-Ensure lamb sucks colostrums in 1-6 hours of life.

-Give milk for 4-6 weeks.

-Orphaned lambs to be given artificial colostrums or foster mother.

-Give succulent/soft herbage/concentrate at 6 weeks old.

-Gradually change the feeds at 4-6 weeks.

-Give adlib clean water.

-Deworm.

-Control external parasites.

-Treat sick lambs.

-Vaccinate against diseases.

-Trim hoofs.

-Keep records.

-Weigh lamb at birth and record the weight.

-Identify the lambs. (10 x 1 = 10 marks)

(b) -Dipping or spraying with appropriate accaricides.

-Burning infested pastures to kill the eggs, larvae, nymphs and adult in the ground.

-Hand-picking from the animal’s body and killing them.

-Rotational grazing to starve larvae to death.

-Hand dressing using appropriate acaricide e.g. pygrease.

-Fencing of the farm to keep off the wild animals and livestock from neighbour.

-Ploughing pastures that is infested with tick to kill ticks. (5 x 1 = 5 marks)

(c) -Prevent bending/warping.

-Prevent fungal attacks.

-Prevents cracking of timber.

-Seasoned timber are durable.

-Prevent insect attack. (5 x 1 = 5 marks)

20 marks

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